HIV Prevention in Maternal Health Services
Each year, an estimated 200 million women in the world become pregnant, and approximately 2.5 million of these women are HIV-positive. While infection rates are alarmingly high among pregnant women in some countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, the majority of pregnant women in the world are HIV-negative. A continuing challenge to the world's health care providers is to enable the nearly 99% of women who become pregnant each year and who are not infected with HIV to remain HIV-negative. Two new books co-published by EngenderHealth and UNFPA will provide invaluable assistance toward meeting this challenge.
HIV Prevention in Maternal Health Services: Programming Guide will help public health policymakers, program managers, and trainers address programming gaps in the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in maternal health services and increase maternal health providers' capacity to provide pregnant and postpartum women with HIV and STI prevention services and referrals. This guide is intended to provide managers with solid assistance in planning integration of HIV and STI prevention interventions into maternal health services, determining the most appropriate and feasible interventions, training staff in appropriate technical areas, and monitoring and evaluating prevention interventions geared toward pregnant and postpartum women. Packaged with the programming guide is a key messages card, a stand-alone laminated card showing 10 key prevention messages for counselors to impart to pregnant and postpartum women.
HIV Prevention in Maternal Health Services: Training Guide provides a series of activities designed to build the capacity of program managers and staff to offer integrated HIV and STI services for pregnant and postpartum clients within their particular service-delivery setting. The guide's general objectives are to ensure that trainees develop the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to help clients assess their own needs for a range of HIV and STI services, information, and emotional support, to provide clear and correct information appropriate to clients' identified concerns and needs, to assist clients in making their own voluntary and informed decisions about HIV and STI risk reduction, and to help clients develop the skills they will need to carry out those decisions.