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Types of Fistula

There are two primary types of fistula in women:

Obstetric Fistula
Obstetric fistula is an abnormal opening in the birth canal, between the bladder and/or rectum and the vagina, resulting in chronic incontinence. It is an injury that occurs during childbirth, usually when a woman is in labor too long or when the delivery is obstructed in some way. Fistula occurs in settings where there is limited access to skilled medical care or cesarean section.

Traumatic fistula
Traumatic fistula is an abnormal opening in the birth canal, between the bladder and/or rectum and the vagina, resulting in chronic incontinence. It is an injury caused by rape or sexual violence, and is most common in conflict and postconflict settings.

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